Categories for executive functioning

What causes stuttering?

What Causes Stuttering?   (This was adapted from the Stuttering Foundation of America) Stuttering Facts and Information What is stuttering? Stuttering is a communication disorder in which the flow of speech is broken by repetitions (li-li-like this), prolongations (lllllike this), or abnormal stoppages (no sound) of sounds and syllables. There may also be unusual facial and body movements associated with the effort to speak. Stuttering is also referred to as stammering. What causes stuttering? There are four factors most likely to contribute to the development of stuttering: genetics (approximately 60% of those who stutter have a family member who does also); child development (children with other speech and language problems or developmental delays are more likely to stutter); neurophysiology (recent neurological research has shown that people who stutter process speech and language slightly differently than those who do not stutter); and family dynamics (high expectations and fast-paced lifestyles can contribute to stuttering). […]


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How can you help your child who stutters over tele health…

During these stressful times stuttering can increase. Even in a pandemic stuttering can be helped.   Despite homework and chaos, children deserve to communicate. If your child is stuttering several things can be done to get them help. These include: Reduce questions…comment more.. Allow more time to speak..pause before answering Do not interrupt Do not allow them to interrupt you Help them phrase out your words… Positive praise Take turns Keep good eye contact If you are interested in our Lidcombe Plus parent program please email Lori@allislandspeech.com www.allislandspeech.com  


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Masks-The impact on communication, speech and hearing…It will be huge..

The real and new truth is this.. We will all have to have more patient now. Of course wearing masks is essential for our health but it does create communication and hearing issues. It has become our new normal. I just came back from the supermarket, which has been a stressful experience for all. I While ordering items from the deli counter I realized people were repeating items three times due to the fact that it is harder to project or see lips. People who are are hearing impaired often read lips. Well, those days are gone. People who stutter need airflow to talk and it is harder to breathe in masks. Someone who suffered a stroke might get frustrated if not understood. People have asthma, kids have oral motor issues or apraxia. The list goes on and on. It is also a little scary not recognizing people. With that […]


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How to help your child with ADHD?

Take a break… Give yourself a chance to breathe as a parent and realize that not all children develop at the same time..   ADHD Parenting Tips Learn what you can do to manage your child’s behavior and deal with common ADHD challenges. How to help your child with ADHD Life with a child or teen with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD or ADD) can be frustrating, even overwhelming. But as a parent you can help your child overcome daily challenges, channel their energy into positive arenas, and bring greater calm to your family. And the earlier and more consistently you address your child’s problems, the greater chance they have for success in life. Children with ADHD generally have deficits in executive function: the ability to think and plan ahead, organize, control impulses, and complete tasks. That means you need to take over as the executive, providing extra guidance while your child […]


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Case study: 4 year old severe stuttering and apraxia diagnosis…

Do we treat stuttering first? Do we treat oral motor, articulation first? Do we ignore stuttering? Do we ignore the fragmented language? What do we do first? Stuttering in itself is so complex…How do we deal with both? I wanted to share a case study with you and hope some of these tips help… In April of 2019 a young man I will call Max came to see me.   Max was a little over 4 and aware of his speech difficulties.  Parents were unsure of which direction to take.  He was previously diagnosed with childhood apraxia of speech and I agreed with this. His language was at the three word level. Eye grimaces, eye contact avoidance, missing syntax, repeating syllables and words were evident.  Max was stuttering on 82 percent of his words.  That means 82 out of 100 words were dysfluent.  I am breaking that down because that is […]


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Three best ways to gain confidence with public speaking……

Let’s be honest public speaking can be terrifying. It is said people fear it more than death. How can it be? Let me share a story with you that petrified me… When I first started private practice I was asked to speak to small groups of parents on speech related topics. My head would start to pound with anxiety. Sweating palms and a nervous stomach filled my days in anticipation of these events. The preparation was always worse than the event. I built up to teaching at a university and three hour workshops. This is what I learned: 1, Visualize the audience and practice. Read into a recorder and listen back. 2. Pause often.  Allow for some silence. 3. Look beyond the audience. Scan the audience. 4. Use visuals and take the concentration off yourself. 5. Talk with power. Take some breaths before you start.   Bottom line public speaking […]


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Helping a child with ADHD/ADD feel successful in school and life…

School and life can be a challenge for people with ADHD/ADD. It’s difficult to focus and learn but there are ways that you can help them if you are a teacher or parent. One of the best things is being compassionate and allowing imperfection. It is about seeing their strengths beyond the classroom. It is about listening to their words and message. It is about being positive and encouraging. 1. Create Positive Outcomes with Powerful Words: You should work closely with a students to develop a positive outcomes. Children with ADHD/ADD often have problems with thinking about future success. It is a challenge for them to see beyond the moment. These are some ideas that might help. Use positive words, ie: I see you are trying hard, I hear you.  Also implementing a notebook with goals for the day with multiple checkpoints like get up and start another task within […]


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Understand ADHD and Coaching…..

Understand ADHD/ADD to help the college student to develop goals:   It is that time of the year when millions of young people are moving away from the built-in structure and safety net they call home to the freedoms of college life. To many, this is an exciting time filled with loads of possibilities, where one can learn and grow. It can also present new challenges, anxiety and being overwhelmed especially to those who have attention-deficit /hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Greater responsibilities, numerous distractions, less structured time and completely new social situations are some of the new challenges that characterize this environment. To make it even more challenging is the fact that the previous support system that may have been present in your high school or home are lacking. All is not lost as several strategies can assist an ADHD student keep on track despite the new developments. ADHD,, also referred […]


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